- Written by Yvonne Ridley, Middle East Monitor
Nobel Peace laureates and other luminaries are queueing up to berate Aung San Suu Kyi for failing to intervene in the genocide unfolding in Myanmar. There are, however, bigger villains lurking in the shadows to blame for what is happening to the Rohingya people.
The vilification of Suu Kyi and her spectacular fall from grace – a saint turned sinner in the eyes of the international community – has delighted the faceless military leaders who have for years resented her iconic status as a fearless fighter for democracy who would always defend the oppressed. While many feel understandably angry at her denial of what the UN has described as “ethnic cleansing”, the real villains who have masterminded the brutal scorched-earth campaign against the Rohingya Muslims are the officers and men of Myanmar’s army led by Senior General Min Aung Hlaing.
The number of refugees fleeing the violence and heading for neighbouring Bangladesh now stands at around 410,000, but there is still little indication that the 61-year-old general is considering a cessation of hostilities. Human rights groups, charities and NGOs on the ground say that there are definite no go areas in Rakhine State and you have to wonder why.
The UN has already branded the Myanmar government’s offensive as a “cruel military operation” which “seems a textbook example of ethnic cleansing”, yet the international organisation is extremely reluctant to use the word genocide to describe what is going on. For that, the faceless mandarins in the UN are even more despicable in their silence than the likes of the very pointless Suu Kyi.
Right now, as I write, some of the worst human rights violations in the world are still taking place against the Rohingya Muslims, and not for the first time. This is nothing new. Cries of “never again” when it comes to genocide obviously do not apply to people of colour or those of the Muslim faith.
The Genocide of the Rohingya: Big Oil, Failed Democracy and False Prophets
Over the years there have been countless atrocities meted out on the Rohingya by Myanmar’s military. In 2005, for example, Home Minister Ko Ko and two current senior military commanders serving under the previous military junta, supervised what appear to be war crimes, according to a study by Harvard Law School published in November 2014. If the contents of the report bear scrutiny, then these three are guilty of war crimes which, according to the evidence produced, links them to executions, torture and other atrocities.
The report, published by the school’s Institutional Human Rights Clinic, followed a three-year study which found enough evidence to issue arrest warrants for Ko Ko, Brigadier General Khin Zaw Oo and General Maung Maung Aye to face charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity at the International Criminal Court. Ko Ko was the leader of the Southern Command at the time, while Khin Zaw Oo, the current commander of the Bureau of Special Operations, and General Maung Maung Aye, were also senior officials in the junta accused of brutal campaigns against armed ethnic rebel groups. The Harvard report’s findings were based on more than 150 interviews with people in Myanmar and along the Myanmar-Thailand border, including former government troops who witnessed the junta’s 2005-2006 counterinsurgency operations in the south-eastern district.
Under international law, the three military leaders could be held accountable for their actions as well as crimes committed by troops under their command and control, just as Senior General Min Aung Hlaing should be held accountable for the ethnic cleansing unfolding in Myanmar today.
Several reports similar in content and gravitas to Harvard’s have emerged from subsequent upheavals and atrocities carried out against the Rohingya, including in 2012 when thousands took to the seas in rickety boats to escape persecution by the military.
Since the political and economic reforms of 2010, Myanmar’s relations with the West have improved and sanctions have been lifted, but the US and European Union, in particular, seem more preoccupied with securing trade deals than putting pressure on the regime to implement human rights reforms. Myanmar’s government has in the past made promises to roll out reforms but has not followed through with those pledges.
After reading previous witness accounts over the past decade, what is happening today creates a feeling of déjà vu. These accounts are harrowing, with soldiers forcibly removing and relocating civilians from conflict zones; firing mortars at villages; shooting at fleeing villagers; destroying homes, crops and food stores; laying landmines in civilian areas; enslaving villagers to work as porters; and capturing and executing civilians.
So we have to ask ourselves this simple question: if those military leaders had been hauled before the International Criminal Court (ICC) back in 2006, would Myanmar’s army of today have dared to act with such genocidal intent in Rakhine State today? The answer is equally simple; most probably not.
While Suu Kyi, the de facto Prime Minister of Myanmar, may not have blood on her hands her silence has served to protect those who do, which makes her a rather despicable individual. As it is, she is now reaping the rewards of her vile behaviour by being catapulted to the boondocks of international society. I have a feeling that honorary degrees and international platforms in the West will no longer be offered to Myanmar’s social pariah in the future. She can now reflect in a swamp of her own making but it is hard to see how she can ever regain her global rock star status.
However, thanks to others we are now getting to know the faces and identities of those responsible for carrying out war crimes in Myanmar both today and back in 2005/6. Why, then, is the UN so reluctant to act and use the word “genocide”? As soon as it does, then it will have to issue arrest warrants for those suspected of war crimes against the Rohingya people; and so will UN member states.
Hence, the UN’s silence is reprehensible and even more unforgivable than Suu Kyi’s silence, because its action could actually make a huge difference. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres describes what is happening as “catastrophic”, while the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra’ad Al-Hussein, went one step further by calling it “ethnic cleansing”. The situation in Myanmar is more than “catastrophic”, though; it is more than “ethnic cleansing”; it is another Rwanda, Srebrenica, Kosovo; it is genocide.
With the UN’s reluctance to call it out for what it is makes its senior officials’ words meaningless. If the powers that be continue to turn a blind eye we can only conclude that the ICC, established in 2002 by the Rome Statute, is no longer fit for purpose.
This was the conclusion reached by the South African government at the African Union summit in Johannesburg in 2015. Many African countries signed up to the ICC post-1998; it was viewed as a court that promised to pursue injustice without fear or favour, but African leaders insist that that is not what has happened.
No doubt others will also view the ICC as being institutionally flawed if it does not act swiftly over what are clearly war crimes being committed in Myanmar today and in years gone by. The court is already mired in accusations of racism, blatant double-standards, hypocrisy, corruption and serious judicial irregularities so you can’t help but wonder what has to be done to get the “world’s court” to swing into action for the Rohingya people.
The institution has special prosecutorial rights of referral and deferral to the UN Security Council; by default, the council’s five permanent members (three of which – China, Russia and the US – are not even ICC members) could act. This begs us to ask whether the UN is indeed a force for good, or if that too is selective in how it operates.
Erdogan to Muslim countries: ‘use every means available’ to stop ‘cruelty’ against Rohingya
Despite having received more than 9,000 formal complaints about alleged war crimes in at least 139 countries, the ICC has largely chosen to indict around 40 black Africans in eight African countries. In doing so the ICC has ignored all Western human rights abuses in conflicts such as those in Afghanistan and Iraq, and war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the West’s client states. Attempts to charge Israeli generals with war crimes, for example, have never made it beyond the first stage at the ICC which, at the moment, clearly has no interest in what is unfolding in Rakhine State, or Palestine for that matter.
Sadly, unless the international community takes swift action against the monsters in Myanmar by putting these people before the ICC, the Rohingya will soon only be remembered alongside the genocide victims of Rwanda, Srebenica and Kosovo.
According to a 2015 briefing report on the Rohingya published by the Equal Rights Trust, the majority live in “unofficial camps or ghettos where they receive no help. The Rohingya situation is strikingly reminiscent of Jews in Nazi Germany or apartheid-era South Africa.”
Strong words indeed, but are they enough to end the plight of the Rohingya Muslims which has gone on long enough? Handing back a Nobel Peace Prize won’t make any difference to the victims of Myanmar’s genocide, but if the ICC and its senior officials have any self-respect and any care at all for justice in this world, then arrest warrants for alleged war crimes should be issued today, starting with Senior General Min Aung Hlaing.
Courtesy: Middle East Monitor
- Written by Latheef Farook
ஐ.நா மனித உரிமை ஆணையாளர் வர்ணிப்பு
றோஹிங்யா முஸ்லிம்களை இனச்சுத்திகரிப்பு செய்யும் ஆங் சோங் சூகியை ஆதரிக்கும் இந்தியா, சீனா மற்றும் இஸ்ரேல்
மியன்மாரின் ஆயுதப் படையினரும் அவர்களின் கைக்கூலிகளான கொலைகார காடையர் கும்பல்களும் சேர்ந்து அந்த நாட்டின் சிறுபான்மை இன றோஹிங்யா முஸ்லிம்களைக் கொன்று குவிக்கத் தொடங்கி சுமார் இரு வாரங்கள் கழிந்த நிலையில் ஐக்கிய நாடுகள் மனித உரிமை ஆணையாளர் செயித் றாத் அல் ஹுசைன் கடந்த 11ம் திகதி அதுபற்றி கருத்து வெளியிடுகையில் மியன்மாரில் அரங்கேற்றப்படும் இனச் சுத்திகரிப்பு நடவடிக்கைகள் இனச் சுத்திகரிப்பு என்றால் என்ன என்று ஒரு பாடப் புத்தகத்தில் கூறப்படும் உதாரணங்களாக அமைந்துள்ளன என்று குறிப்பிட்டுள்ளார்.
- Written by Latheef Farook
In September 1982, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and his Defence Minister Ariel Sharon, god fathers of Jewish terrorism in the Middle East, invaded Lebanon to drive out the Palestine Liberation Organisation-PLO
Prominent journalist and historian Peter Mansfield said” after massive air raids, Israel launched a full scale invasion of Lebanon, and slaughtered thousands of civilians and terrorized the population. Backed by United States and Europe, Israel contemptuously dismissed UN - super power tool to implement their evil designs.
- Written by Waheeduddin Ahmed
One of the greatest blessings for mankind in modern times is the internet technology. Information of any kind and on any subject is at one's fingertips. A semiliterate person can write without making spelling mistakes and even comply with grammar. Both, the erudite and the imbecile can propagate their thoughts and find audience, often captive and coerced.
On the flip side however, there are great dangers lurking in the shadows in cyberspace which, if not taken care of, can destroy humanity.
- Written by Latheef Farook
Says UN Human Rights Chief Zeid Al Hussein
India, israel and China fully support
Aung Sann Suu Kyi’s gnocide of Rohingya Muslims
Two weeks after Myanmar armed forces and their murderous thugs led by saffron butcher Ashin Wirathu began ethnic cleansing Rohingya Muslims, the United Nations Human Rights Chief Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein said on 11 September that “the situation in Myanmar is a "textbook example of ethnic cleansing".
“This was predicted and could have been prevented," said Zeid Al Hussain who, told the UN Human Rights Council “the current situation cannot yet be fully assessed, as Myanmar has refused access to human rights investigators."
- Written by Ram Puniyani
Massive protests are being witnessed in many countries, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India among others against the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar (September 2017). This time around violence seems to have been triggered due to the attack by militants (Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army) on police and military posts.
United Nations has said that the extent of violence indicates that it is crime against humanity.
- Written by by Charlene Anne/Fuad Rajeh - Al Jazeera
Victims of trafficking rings say the networks operate anonymously in shisha bars and coffee shops in Yemen and Egypt.
The scars from Adnan Ali's recent kidney surgery are fading, but his emotional pain lingers.
Ali - who is unemployed, divorced and in his early thirties - recently found himself facing a stark choice. He could either sign up to fight with the Houthi rebels on the front lines of the war in Yemen, seek work in neighbouring Saudi Arabia, or sell his organs.
- Written by Madawi Al Rasheed
Twenty Islamists were arrested Sunday in Saudi Arabia for no reason that was obvious at the time. It later turned out to be a general clampdown that resulted in the detention of Sheikh Salman al-Awdah.
Awad al-Qarni, Ali al-Omari and many others. While many of the detained have followers in Saudi Arabia, Sheikh Salman al-Awdah is a preacher who has reached global audiences. He has a media empire that reaches millions around the globe. He has more than 16 million followers on Twitter and his YouTube clips are watched by thousands around the Muslim world.
- Written by லத்தீப் பாரூக்
முஸ்லிம்களைப் பெரும்பான்மையாகக் கொண்ட மத்திய கிழக்கை நிலைகுலைய வைக்கவும் அந்த நாடுகளின் செல்வங்களை சூறையாடவும் மத்திய கிழக்குப் பிராந்தியத்தில் சவால் விடுக்க முடியாத வல்லரசாக இஸ்ரேலை மாற்றி அமைக்கவும் பயன்படுத்தப்பட்ட ஒரு ஆயுதமே உலக வர்த்தக மையம் மீதான தாக்குதல்.
2001 செப்டம்பர் 11ல் அமெரிக்காவின் நியுயோர்க் நகரில் உலக வர்த்தக மையம் தாக்கப்பட்டு 16 ஆண்டுகள் பூர்த்தியாகின்றன. இந்தக் குற்றத்தை முஸ்லிம்கள் தான் புரிந்தார்கள் என்ற குற்றச்சாட்டோடும் குறிப்போடும் மேலைத்தேச ஊடகங்களும் இலங்கையில் உள்ள இரண்டு மேலைத்தேச சார்பு ஊடகங்களும் நினைவு கூர்ந்துள்ளன.
- Written by Dr. Firoz Mahboob Kamal
The massive campaign of ethnic cleansing provides little option for the Rohingya Muslims. Former Muslim majority state of Arakan –now called Rakhine, is being rapidly transformed to a Muslim-free zone. The current regime has proven that they can only offer deaths, rapes, destruction and eviction and no peace or security for the Rohingya Muslims. The Head of the UN Human Rights Commission has described the ongoing killing and eviction as a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing”. Those who get engaged in cold-blooded murder, rape, arson and eviction, no amount of moral appeal work on them. Even Nobel Laurette Aung San Suu Kyi proved totally insensitive to such appeal.